SP Guide Publications puts forth a well compiled articulation of issues, pursuits and accomplishments of the Indian Army, over the years

— General Manoj Pande, Indian Army Chief

I am confident that SP Guide Publications would continue to inform, inspire and influence.

— Admiral R. Hari Kumar, Indian Navy Chief

My compliments to SP Guide Publications for informative and credible reportage on contemporary aerospace issues over the past six decades.

— Air Chief Marshal V.R. Chaudhari, Indian Air Force Chief

Drive & Fly

Flying car makes successful maiden flight

Source: PAL-V

The Dutch company PAL-V Europe NV has successfully concluded test flights of its flying car, personal air and land vehicle (PAL-V). Several test flights were conducted at the Gilze Rijen Airport (The Netherlands). The patented vehicle flies in the air like a gyrocopter with lift generated by an auto-rotating rotor and forward speed produced by a foldable push propeller on the back. On the road it drives like a sports car. No new infrastructure is required because it uses existing roads and airstrips.

A team of top engineers has been working on the first prototypes since finalisation of the design concept in 2008. Renowned institutes such as the Dutch National Aerospace Laboratory and Delft University have also been involved in the development. The driving prototype was fully tested in 2009 and now the flying-driving prototype has made its first flights. The PAL-V complies with existing regulations in all major markets, which means that the vehicle is allowed both in road traffic and in the air.

A PAL-V offers the choice of flying like a plane or driving like a car. This means fast door-to-door mobility for private individuals as well as professionals and organisations. The flying range will be between 350 (220 miles) and 500 km (315 miles), depending on the type, payload and wind conditions. Driving, a PAL-V will have a range of about 1,200 km (750 miles). It runs on gasoline like a conventional car and there will also be versions that use biodiesel or bio-ethanol. It can reach speeds of up to 180 km/h (110 miles/h) both on land and in the air.

Technical Specifications

  • Capacity: 2 persons
  • Mass Empty: 680 kg
  • Mass Max. gross: 910 kg
  • Max. Power: 170 kW (230 hp)
  • Dimensions Road: (LxWxH): 4.0 x 1.6 x 1.6 m

Road Performance

  • Max. speed: 180 km/h (112mph)
  • 0 - 100 km/h (0 - 60 mph): 8 sec
  • Est. Fuel Economy: 12 km/l (28mpg)
  • Range: 1200 km (750 miles)

Flight Performance

  • Max. Speed (VNE): 97 kts (180 km/h)
  • Min. Speed for Level Flight: 27 kts (50 km/h)
  • Take-off Roll: 165 m (540 ft)
  • Landing Roll: 30 m (100 ft)
  • Est Fuel Economy: 36 l/h (9,5 gph)
  • Range: 350-500 km (220-315 miles) depending on PAL-V type